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10 Tips for Preparing Missionaries

young men preparing missionariesWhile the Lord expects each young person to do his or her own part to prepare spiritually, physically, mentally, emotionally, and financially for missionary service, preparing missionaries should also be a high priority for parents and Church leaders. Parents should give special attention to helping their boys prepare to serve a full-time mission. Bishops, youth leaders, and other Church members also have an important role in helping young men and women qualify for missionary service.

The following 10 tips will help give guidance to parents and Church leaders in preparing missionaries:

  1. Desire: Work with young men beginning at an early age to help them develop the desire to serve a mission. One of the best ways to do this is to help them gain a testimony of the Atonement of Jesus Christ. Hearing mission stories, from your own life or the experiences of others, is another powerful way to bring the spirit of missionary work. See one of my many article on motivating missionaries or check out my presentation on Gaining a Desire to Serve a Mission.
  2. Worthiness: Help young men and women to always remain worthy to serve a mission. Help them to know the commandments and be committed to obeying them, and pay particular attention to the law of chastity. Also help them know that the Lord is very willing to forgive when we make mistakes, and help them to understand the repentance process.
  3. Expectations: Teach young people what will be expected of them when they serve missions. Teach them about the mission rules and the schedule missionaries keep. Teach them about mission life and help them understand the missionary guidelines regarding personal conduct, language, dress and grooming, media, and communications to family and friends.
  4. Purpose: Help future missionaries to understand the doctrinal basis of missionary work and what their purpose will be as missionaries. That purpose is to: “Invite others to come unto Christ by helping them receive the restored gospel through faith in Jesus Christ and His Atonement, repentance, baptism, receiving the gift of the Holy Ghost, and enduring to the end.”
  5. Seminary: Encourage youth to attend seminary. Seminary is available in just about every corner of the globe and will teach our youth important basic doctrines of the restored gospel and help them develop their testimony of the Savior.
  6. Leaders: If you are a bishop or stake president, the handbook encourages your to call youth leaders who love missionary work and will help the youth learn to love it as well. It also says to invite returned missionaries to speak about missionary work often in sacrament meetings and on other occasions.
  7. Service and Teaching: Provide opportunities for prospective missionaries to serve others, including serving in Church callings. Young men should serve as home teachers. The new youth curriculum also gives young men and women many opportunities to teach which will help them become better missionaries.
  8. Mission Prep Class: If possible, have the youth take a missionary preparation class. Most wards and stakes offer this class, and it is also taught in Institute. The main source material for the mission prep class is the scriptures, the Missionary Handbook, and Preach My Gospel. Young men and women should study these materials thoroughly as they prepare for their missions.
  9. Scriptures: A large part of mission preparation includes studying the gospel and gaining a personal testimony. Young people should read the Bible, the Doctrine and Covenants, the Pearl of Great price, and especially the Book of Mormon and have a testimony that these books contain the revealed word of God.
  10. Share: Encourage young people to share the gospel with their friends and family. As they open their mouth, share the gospel, and become missionaries in their everyday life, they will be blessed and see how the gospel blesses others. As you brainstorm about ways of sharing the gospel, ask them to consider their missionary DNA, and the things that they have a natural inclination to do. You may be surprised at the creative ways you can share the gospel in your unique, authentic style. As they do this, they will catch the spirit of missionary work and become great representatives of the Lord.

Mission Rules: Formerly Known as the Missionary Handbook. Now Known as Missionary Standards for Disciples of Jesus Christ.

Missionary Standards for Disciples of Jesus Christ

Update Nov. 15, 2019: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has released a new, updated handbook of instructions for full-time missionaries serving around the world. The new handbook is called, “Missionary Standards for Disciples of Jesus Christ,” and can be found on the Church’s website.

The Missionary Standards handbook documents the mission rules for full-time missionaries of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Obeying these rules will keep you safe as a missionary, and will help you be more productive and successful. The Missionary Standards handbook is one of the primary resources youth, parents, and priesthood leaders should use in preparing youth for the mission field. The Church Handbook even instructs bishops to review the guidelines in the Missionary Standards handbook with each missionary candidate to make sure they understand and are committed to obey the mission rules. The handbook outlines the rules on expected missionary behavior, dress and grooming, media, finances, communicating with family and friends, and other expectations. Let’s briefly walk through the major sections of Missionary Standards handbook. Click on one of the five links below to jump directly to that section.


Introduction to the Full-time Mission Experience

The first section of the handbook reinforces the sacred nature of your calling and reminds you that you have been called of God by a prophet and set apart to assist the Church in this great work of taking the gospel of Jesus Christ to the world. It explains the meaning of the title of the handbook, Missionary Standards for Disciples of Jesus Christ, is because to be an effective missionary, you must be a faithful disciple of Jesus Christ. And it explains how following these standards will help protect you physically, spiritually, and emotionally and help you be the disciple Jesus Christ needs you to become.

This section also encourages you to take joy in your missionary experience. It says “this is a time to rejoice and to experience lasting happiness and peace through Jesus Christ.” It says that you will get the most joy out of your mission when you are faithful to the commandments and obedient to the rules. And it also “means that you try to learn, grow, and improve; correct mistakes quickly; and take personal responsibility for your actions.” It reminds you that mission standards will bless you on your mission and help you for the rest of your life as you learn to use God’s commandments and His Spirit to guide you throughout your life.

Missionary Organization and Activities

Mission Leadership: This section explains the role of the mission president and other young missionary leadership positions. “Your mission president and his wife, who serve together as your mission leaders, are called of God and set apart to lead the mission.” Young missionary leadership positions include the assistants to the mission president, zone leaders, and sister training leaders, and the handbook emphasizes that “leadership assignments do not indicate special recognition or advancement or reflect the worth of a missionary.”

Self-Reliance and Magnifying Your Calling: This section of the handbook also teaches that missionaries are to become spiritually self-reliant, and “act for [yourself]” (2 Nephi 2:16) by trusting the Lord and following the Spirit. It emphasizes the missionary’s personal responsibilities to learn to “magnify [your] office unto the Lord” (Jacob 1:19). Open communication with your companion, peer missionary leaders, and your mission president is also encouraged in this section.

Companions: Each missionary is assigned a companion who they are to stay with at all times. Regarding companions it says, “Never be alone. You should be able to see and hear your companion at all times unless you are in the bathroom, in an interview.” The handbook teaches that one of the blessings of being in missionary companionships is that “learning patience and love, practicing forgiveness, and accepting differences in personalities will bless you throughout your life.”

Stay in Your Assigned Area: Missionaries are assigned an area, typically a section of a city of set of neighborhoods, in which they are to stay and work. It says, “concentrate your efforts in your assigned teaching area….If you need to leave your area for another reason, request permission” from you mission leaders.

Missionary Work Activities: This section is about activities such as “participating in companion exchanges and transfers, working with members, responding to referrals, teaching, participating in councils and meetings, and serving” in the community. It says that, in working with members, invite them “to join you in normal and natural ways as you find, teach, baptize, and fellowship.”

Daily Schedule: Missionaries follow a strict daily schedule of activities as well as weekly district council meetings, regular zone conferences, and other mission leadership council meetings. The following is the standard daily schedule, though it “may be adjusted by the mission president” as needed. Missionaries get up by 6:30am. They eat, exercise, study the scriptures, plan lessons, and schedule the day, and then leave the apartment by 10am to find, teach, serve others, and do other proselytizing activities. They return to their housing by 9:30 p.m, write in their journal, pray, and are to be in bed by 10:30pm. “The schedule approved for your mission will allow time to work, rest, and refocus. It is important to get adequate rest and nutrition for your spiritual, emotional, and physical well-being.” See my full article on the missionary schedule for more details.

Preparation Day: One day a week, missionaries’ schedule varies a little to allow them to get prepared for the rest of the week. “Preparation day allows you time to refresh physically, spiritually, and emotionally” and provides “opportunities to be with other missionaries in your district and to enjoy wholesome recreational activities together.” On p-day, missionaries are to do communications with their family, do laundry, get hair cuts, clean the apartment, go shopping, and rest. “All preparation day activities should be completed by 6:00 p.m.” and afterwards you should do regular proselytizing activities. See my more detailed article on preparation day for more information.

Service in the Community: Missionaries work a few hours each week in service to others. “Find opportunities to serve your companion, the people you are teaching, members, and others in the community.” The handbook stresses that “you should serve with a sincere desire to help others without any expected outcomes” and that “if someone expresses interest in your message, reply very briefly and arrange to meet with them at a different time and location to share a message.”

Missionary Conduct

This section describes missionary standards of behavior and includes the characteristics of Christ you are expected to exemplify during your mission. As a missionary, you should conduct yourself at all times in such a way that everyone who sees you will recognize you as a representative of Jesus Christ.

Christlike Behavior:  This section talks about how to put into practice more Christ-like behavior and includes a discussion on respecting “the customs, religious beliefs and practices, and sacred sites in your area at all times.” Says the handbook, “Pray and work to develop Christlike attributes as described in the scriptures and in Preach My Gospel, including gratitude, kindness, love, humility, patience, empathy, and obedience. With the Savior’s help and your own sincere and diligent efforts, you can develop Christlike attributes”

Temple Worthiness: Missionaries are expected to remain temple worthy at all times. “Keeping temple covenants of obedience, sacrifice, and consecration will empower you and help you become more like the Savior.”

The Law of Chastity: One important part of worthiness is keeping the Lord’s law of sexual purity, the law of chastity. “Do all you can to protect yourself, your companion, and others from sexual temptation that could lead to breaking this sacred covenant.” This includes but is not limited to sexual intercourse, same-sex activity, oral sex, sexting, masturbation, and pornography.

Honesty: Missionaries are, of course, expected to be honest in all their interactions. This includes “giving accurate reports of your work and how you have spent your time throughout the week in your weekly reports.”

Interactions with Others: Missionaries should keep their language dignified and avoid using slang. Missionaries should “not counsel adults about personal problems. [Instead], refer members to their bishop if they need counseling.” Missionaries should, “never be alone with anyone younger than age 18.” They should “be cautious about playing with groups of children” and “whenever possible, get a parent’s permission to interact with a child.”

Recreation: Missionaries are encouraged to participate in wholesome recreational activities on p-day such as visiting historical and cultural sites, museums and parks. “You can learn to more fully love the people you serve by taking sincere interest in their culture, history, land, and traditions through visits to local places of interest, generally on preparation day.” Missionaries are cautioned to not participate in high risk activities “because missionaries have been seriously injured while participating in risky activities.” Therefore, missionaries should not do: contact sports, gymnastic, winter sports, water sports, mountain climbing, rock climbing, motorcycle riding, horse riding, firearms or fireworks.

Videos, Music, Online and Offline Media: Missionaries have strict guideline regarding the type of media they can consume. There is no “television, movies, video games, and unauthorized videos”, no “audiobooks, music, and reading material”, and no “social media, mobile apps, and online media” except those specifically allowed for missionaries such as the scriptures, Church magazines, and Church social media.

Photos and Videos: “Photos can help you share your mission experience with people at home and can be meaningful reminders of your mission”, but be sure to “ask permission before taking and sharing photos or videos.” And also remember that “taking certain photos may be offensive or illegal in some cultures and places.”

Communication with Family and Friends: Communicating with family and friends should only take place on your preparation day. “You may communicate with your family on your weekly preparation day via letters, emails, text messages, online messaging, phone calls, and video chat.” But remember that you, the missionary, should be the one to initiate all the communications with your family. Also, “prioritize your time on preparation day by communicating with your parents first and your mission president second.” Also remember that “generally, family and friends should not visit you during your mission.”

Weekly Letter to Your Mission President: “Write a letter to your mission president weekly on preparation day. Generally, you will submit your letter to him using the [online] Missionary Portal.” In that letter, “be open and honest so that he can understand any concerns you have and provide relevant counsel and feedback.”

Physical Well-Being

Nutrition and Food Preparation: “Proper hydration and nutrition are important to your well-being” therefore missionaries should “eat balanced meals that include vegetables, fruits, grains, healthy fats, and protein [and] limit junk food, carbonated drinks, processed foods, and restaurant fast food.” Missionaries should also to remember to observe the safe food preparation guidelines set out in the handbook and only drink “clean water and pasteurized dairy products are safe.”

Exercise: The missionary schedule provides time each day to exercise. “Exercise keeps you healthy and helps relieve stress. Make it a part of your daily routine.” But do remember that missionaries “should not exercise at public or commercial gyms.”

Stress Management: Following the rules for healthy eating, regular exercise, and sufficient sleep will help you manage stress. You may also want to consult the Adjusting to Missionary Life pamphlet available from the Church to help you manage your stress. And “if you have been prescribed medication for stress, follow the prescription and your doctor’s directions.” Also check out this article I wrote on preparing emotionally for a mission.

Medical Care: “Nonemergency visits should be approved in advance by the [mission] medical coordinator.” “If you have a health emergency, take common-sense actions for your immediate safety or care. Call local emergency services (such as 911 in the United States) unless you have been given other instructions in your mission. As soon as possible, contact your mission leaders.”

Dangerous Situations and Threats: “Many possible dangers can be avoided with common sense and by observing mission standards,…[but] If there is a problem, immediately report it to either of your mission leaders.” “Leave immediately if you or your companion feel uncomfortable about a location, person, or situation.” Stay away from unsafe areas and avoid situations that could lead to confrontations such as public demonstrations.

Money: “The funds donated by you, your family, and Church members to support you on your mission are sacred funds and should be used responsibly and honestly.” Your monthly mission allowance includes money for: food, transportation, hair care, personal hygiene, laundry supplies, postage, and internet expenses for weekly communications home. Personal funds (i.e. money sent from home) will have to be used if you need money for additional items such as: bicycle maintenance, some medical expenses for preexisting conditions, traffic fines, repairs to housing if you cause damage, music, video devices, souvenirs, and gifts. “Become [financially] self-reliant during your mission by creating and following a spending plan,” aka, a budget. Read my article for more info on the cost of a mission.

Dress and Grooming: “Your dress and grooming should be a demonstration of humility, respect, and faith.” Follow healthy grooming standards such as bathing daily, brushing your teeth regularly, using deodorant, wash your hands regularly, and wearing sunscreen. “Choose a neat, professional hairstyle that is easy to maintain.” See more detail here about the dress and grooming standards for missionaries.

Completion of Your Mission

You are expected to follow all missionary rules until you have returned home and been released by your stake president. The Church strongly prefers for missionaries to return home directly. “This is especially important if you are serving in a country other than your own where visa requirements are enforced. Delaying your return home could make it difficult for future missionaries to obtain travel visas.”

“When you return home, continue to live the gospel standards.” Make sure to continue the habits you developed as a missionary to pray and study the gospel daily, and attend church meetings. Also attend the temple as often as circumstances allow, go to institute classes if you can, continue your education and seek meaningful employment. Also remember to “continue to communicate with those you have taught and worked with on your mission,” including people you taught and baptized, former companions, and other mission leaders. “Support and strengthen them through your words and example, and celebrate important events in their lives.”

A Note for Couples and Senior Sisters

Couples and sisters age 40 and older are not expected to follow the same proselyting schedule of younger missionaries, though most of the other rules still apply. As older missionaries, the younger missionary will look to you as an example. Be aware that to meet the needs in your area, your mission president may assign you responsibilities other than those you received with your call. Even if you have an office role or a non-proselyting assignment, all missionaries should seek to share the gospel.

Conclusion

Living the missionary rules found in the Missionary Standards handbook will help you feel the spirit of missionary work. When you accepted your call, you promised to live by these standards. Always keep in mind the importance of your service and strive to magnify your calling. As you obey the rules you will show the Lord your love for Him, earn the trust and confidence of members and non-members, and be able to have a more full measure of the Holy Ghost with you. “Behold, the Lord requireth the heart and a willing mind; and the willing and obedient shall eat the good of the land of Zion in these last days” (D&C 64: 34).

Missionary Schedule: The Daily Routine Missionaries Follow

Missionary Studying ScripturesMissionaries of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints are expected to work hard, be obedient, and keep a strict schedule. Following the missionary’s daily schedule as prescribed in the Missionary Handbook is an important aspect of being in the right place at the right time. This schedule is a major part of mission rules and obeying these rules as a missionary will keep you safe and blessed. Abiding by the schedule will also help you to do the things you are supposed to do at the times you are supposed to do them. Here’s a quick overview of the daily routine:

  • 6:30 a.m. Wake up, pray, exercise, and do other preparation for the day.
  • 7:30 a.m. Breakfast.
  • 8:00 a.m. Personal study: the Book of Mormon, other scriptures, chapters from Preach My Gospel, etc. with an emphasis on the doctrines of the missionary lessons.
  • 9:00 a.m. Companion study: share what you have learned during personal study, prepare to teach, and confirm plans for the day.
  • 10:00 a.m. Language study for 30 to 60 minutes, if necessary and approved by your mission president.
  • 10:00 a.m. Begin proselyting: teaching appointments, finding people to teach, open your mouth, etc.
  • Lunch and Dinner: You may take an hour for lunch and an hour for dinner at times that fit best with proselyting. Normally, dinner should be finished no later than 6:00 p.m.
  • 9:00 – 9:30 p.m. Return to the apartment and plan the next day’s activities. Write in journal, prepare for bed, pray.
  • 10:30 p.m. Go to bed.
  • This schedule may vary a little in some countries and missions. For example, in the Rosario Argentina mission, where I served from 1995 to 1997, we were expected to be out proselytizing by 9am and we had our companionship study after lunch when the rest of the country was taking a siesta (nap).

Missionaries are expected to follow this schedule every day, except on preparation day (P-Day). On p-day, missionaries get up at the usual time, get ready, and do their personal and companionship study, but then, rather than going out to teach and proselytize, they use the day to do laundry, go shopping, write letters to family and friends, and perhaps have some recreational activities.  P-day ends around dinner time (6:00 P.M.), after which missionaries are expected to carry out their normal proselytizing schedule.

Even when it is hot, or snowy, or rainy, or cold, it is important for missionaries to keep this schedule. As missionaries do so, the Lord will bless them, for God “doth require that ye should do as he hath commanded you; for which if ye do, he doth immediately bless you” (Mosiah 2:24).

It is important for missionaries to be out of their apartment, meeting people, and sharing their testimony at the most opportune times. If it is mid-morning, 10:30-ish, and missionaries are still in their apartment, then they are not where you are supposed to be. But if, at that time, they are knocking doors, meeting people, and sharing their testimony, then the Lord will bless their efforts and help them find people he has chosen to hear the message of the restored gospel of Jesus Christ.

If missionaries linger at a member’s home after a dinner appointment and have been there for long past the prescribed hour, then they are not keeping the missionary schedule. If, rather, missionaries keep their dinner appointments brief, thank the members for their hospitality, and get on their way to your next teaching appointment, then they are working hard and being obedient and the Lord will bless them to be a better instrument in His hands.

Finding Juan Carlos Lopez by Keeping the Schedule

Had I not been obedient to the missionary daily schedule, I would have missed out on many opportunities to meet families and eventually see them join the true Church of Jesus Christ. Once, when I had just been transferred, I arrived in my new area around 8:30 in the morning. It would have been easy to justify lingering longer in the apartment to unpack my suitcases, but by 9am we knew we were supposed to be out working, so we hit the pavement. It just so happened that within minutes of leaving the apartment, my companion and I first met Juan Carlos Lopez, who eventually got baptized. Had we chosen to disobey the rules and not keep the missionary schedule, then we may never had met Juan Carlos.

As missionaries are obedient to the mission rules, including the daily schedule, they will have the Spirit in greater measure. They will be guided by God and be more successful in their important labors.